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With the help of the adverbs, also known as circumstance words, we can express the circumstances of an action: place or time indications, statements about the manner of the event, about the crowd or the doubt help us to give an action the right framework.
Forms of Adverbs
Only in very few adverbs does the form coincide with that of the adjective.
Un coche rápido – a fast car
Un coche lento – a slow car
Halbar rápido/rápidamente – speak fast
Hablar lentamente/despacio – speak slow
Adverbs are usually formed by attaching -mente to the feminine form of the adjective.
Lento, lenta – lentamente – slow
Terrible – terriblemente – terrible
Feliz – felizmente – happy
Of course, Spanish also has adverbs with their own form, not derived from the adjective; in this case one speaks of the original adverbs.
Pronto – early, soon
Aquí – here
Siempre – always
Así – so
Beside these there are also adverbial expressions, where several elements act together as an adverb.
De repente – sudden
Sin embargo – despite
A menudo – often
A veces – sometimes
Adverbs are used alone or in combination with adjectives, e.g. for strengthening
Lo lamento enormamente – I’m extremely sorry.
Es enormamente peligroso – It is extremely dangerous
Adverbs are basically invariable
Habla lentamente – He/she speaks slowly
Hablan lentamente – They speak slowly
Importance of Adverbs
The adverbs can be divided into the following groups:
- Adverbs of Time
Adverbs of Locality
Adverbs of Manner
Positive and negative adverbs
Adverbs of Quantity
Adverbs of uncertainty and doubt