Adverbs

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Adverbs

With the help of the adverbs, also known as circumstance words, we can express the circumstances of an action: place or time indications, statements about the manner of the event, about the crowd or the doubt help us to give an action the right framework.

Forms of Adverbs

Only in very few adverbs does the form coincide with that of the adjective.

Example:

Un coche rápidoa fast car
Un coche lento a slow car

but here:

Halbar rápido/rápidamentespeak fast
Hablar lentamente/despaciospeak slow

Adverbs are usually formed by attaching -mente to the feminine form of the adjective.

Example:

Lento, lenta – lentamenteslow
Terrible – terriblementeterrible
Feliz – felizmentehappy

Of course, Spanish also has adverbs with their own form, not derived from the adjective; in this case one speaks of the original adverbs.

Example:

Prontoearly, soon
Aquíhere
Siemprealways
Asíso

Beside these there are also adverbial expressions, where several elements act together as an adverb.

Example:

De repentesudden
Sin embargodespite
A menudooften
A vecessometimes

Adverbs are used alone or in combination with adjectives, e.g. for strengthening

Example:

Lo lamento enormamenteI’m extremely sorry.
Es enormamente peligroso It is extremely dangerous

Adverbs are basically invariable

Example:

Habla lentamenteHe/she speaks slowly
Hablan lentamenteThey speak slowly

Importance of Adverbs

The adverbs can be divided into the following groups:

  • Adverbs of Time
    Adverbs of Locality
    Adverbs of Manner
    Positive and negative adverbs
    Adverbs of Quantity
    Adverbs of uncertainty and doubt