Date, days of the week and months in Spanish

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Date, days of the week and months in Spanish

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Fechas:

Days – Días:

Spanish English
Lunes Monday
Martes Tuesday
Miércoles Wednesday
Jueves Thursday
Viernes Friday
Sábado Saturday
Domingo Sunday

Days of the week are masculine (el lunes) and can form a plural (los lunes, los sábados). The plural stands if something happens regularly on a particular day of the week and is translated in English with Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays etc.

Months- Meses:

Spanish English
Enero January
Febrero February
Marzo March
Abril April
Mayo May
Junio June
Julio July
Agosto August
Septiembre (Setiembre) September
Octubre October
Noviembre November
Deciembre December

Seasons:

La primavera – spring

El verano – summer

El otoño – autumn

El invierno – winter

Date – Fecha:

n Spanish you write dates with a slash or a back-slash

10-07-2016

10/07/2016

The first of a month is called el uno or el primero.

When specifying today’s date, however, the date is without an article:

Empiezo a trabajar el primer de marzo

El uno de abril salgo de viaje.

Hoy es 1 de agosto

If the date is written out, the preposition de is between day and month and between month and year.

Nací el 13 de marzo de 1955

Ask for the date: ¿Cuál es la fecha de hoy? or ¿A cuántos estamos? 

Example:

  • Es (estamos) lunes (el) ocho de junio de dos mil nueve – It is Monday, June 8, 2009

Rule:

primero” is only used for the first day of the month

Example:

  • El primero de junio – 1. Juni

“el” is used to express a specific date

Example

  • Te llamo el tres de marzo – I’ll call you on March 3rd
Year numbers

The years are always masculine in Spanish. The year numbers are read like any other number.

1999 mil novecientos noventa y nueve

2016 dos mil dieciséis


Centuries

Centuries are given in Spanish with Roman numerals. From 1 – 10 you use ordinal numbers, then basic numbers.

References to the time before Christ receive a.C. (antes de Cristo). Less commonly, d.c. (después de Cristo) for years after the birth of Christ.

El siglo III a.C. el siglo tercero antes de Christo

El siglo XII d.C. el siglo doce después de Christo

El siglo XIX el siglo diecinueve

Roman numerals are also used by rulers or popes. They stand after the name. As an advertised word, the number is capitalized.

Juan Pablo II – Juan Pablo Segundo

Luis XIV – Luis Catorce