Esto – Eso – Aquello

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Esto – Eso – Aquello

This/These/That/Those (there)

There are 3 different degrees of distance:

este hombre this man
esta camisa this shirt
estos señores these gentlemen
estas ventanas these windows
ese árbol that tree
esa chica that girl
esos chicos that boys
esas flores that flowers
aquel lugar those place
aquella noche those night
aquellos coches those cars
aquellas maletas those suitcases

Whether you use esto, eso, or aquello depends on the spatial, temporal, or emotional distance of the person being uttered to the speaker.

  • ¿Qué es esto? – What is this?
  • ¿Qué es eso? – What is that?
  • ¿Qué es aquello? – What is that (over there)?