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The imperative (command form) is often used in Spanish. Orders and prohibitions are always addressed directly to an interlocutor, which is why imperatives occur almost exclusively in the 2nd and 3rd person singular and plural (tú, usted, vosotros/-as, ustedes).

In addition to this positive imperative, Spanish has a negative, negated form of command (do not play!).

In Spanish, therefore, one speaks of an imperative that is positive and negative.


Only the 2nd person singular and plural (tú, vosotros) have their own imperative form. The present subjunctive is used for all other persons.

Regular Verbs

  cantar beber vivir
canta bebe vive
usted cante beba viva
Nosotros/-as cantemos bebamos vivamos
Vosotros/-as cantad bebed vivid
Ustedes canten beban vivan

  cantar beber vivir
no cantes no bebas No vivas
usted no cante no beba no viva
Nosotros/-as no cantemos no bebamos No vivamos
Vosotros/-as no cantéis no bebáis No viváis
Ustedes no canten no beban No vivan