Indicative and Subjuntivo

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Indicative and Subjuntivo

In Spanish there are situations in which a speaker can use either the indicative or the subjunctive. Depending on which mode the statement is in, the meaning of the statement changes

In the case of the following verbs:

  • crecer
  • notar
  • parecer
  • pensar
  • suponer
  • ver

the indicative can also be included in the subordinate clause. This is the case if the main sentence is for read comment only.

Ana no cree que hablas español.

Ana doesn’t think you speak Spanish.

Ana no cree que hables español.

Ana can’t imagine you speaking Spanish.

This is also possible after impersonal expressions

  • Es cierto
  • Es evidente
  • Es seguro
  • Es verdad
  • Es(tá) correcto
  • Está demostrado

After expressing the probability, like

  • quizá
  • tal vez
  • acaso
  • problemente
  • posiblemente

the use of indicative and subjunctivo can produce a subtle difference in meaning.

If the indicative is used, the statement is more likely. For the subjuntivo, it is unlikely.

Tal vez viene más temprano (Indicative)

Tal vez venga más temprano (Subjuntivo)