Plural

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Spanish Plural

In Spanish, a distinction is made between singular (singular) and plural (plural).
Generally applies in Spanish: A -s is appended to words ending in a vowel; a -es is appended to words ending in a consonant.

Singular 

Plural

El libro Los libros
El coche Los coches


For words that end in a -n or -s after an accented vowel, the accent is omitted in plural formation.
El autobús – los autobuses the bus – the busses

Nouns ending in -s after an unstressed vowel remain unchanged in the plural.
El martes – los martesTuesday – Tuesdays

A -es is appended to nouns ending in or , which are emphasized.
El jabalí – los jabalíeswild boar – wild boars
El hindú – los hindúes the Hindu – the Hindus

If nouns end on another, emphasized vowel, a -s is appended in plural
El sofá – los sofássofa – sofas
El bebé – los bebésthe baby – the babies

Words ending in -z form the plural regularly with -es, but the z becomes a c.
El pez – los peces fish – fishes
Una vez – varias vecesonce – several times

Plural formation of foreign words is often irregular
El parking – los parkings – parking place – parking places
El club – los clubs/los clubes – the club – the clubs

Some nouns can have a second meaning in the plural
La letra –  the letter – las letras – the humanities

Some words do not form a plural in principle.
El dinero –  the money
La ecología – the ecology

Some nouns are mostly used in the plural, even if they designate only one object.
La(s) tijera(s)  scissors
El pantalón/los pantalones pants

Übung:

Wie lautet der Plural dieser Substantive?

a) la discusión
b) el domingo
c) la llave
d) el análisis
e) el vecino
f) la joven
g) el programa
h) el clima

Richtige Antworten

a) las discusiones

b) los domingos

c) las llaves

d) los análisis

e) los vecinos

f) las jóvenes

g) los programas

h) los climas