Preposition with de

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Preposition with de

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As with preposition a, different relationships are also expressed with preposition de.

Special characteristic

If de stands before the male article el, both merge to del.

The following relationship is expressed with de:

Relation Example
Indications of origin ¿De dónde es Rubén? – Es de Montevideo
Naming of relationship or property Ésta es la moto de Ricardo
More detailed determination of material and content Mi pantalón nuevo es de cuero
Characterizations Buenos Aires es la ciudad del Tango
Numbers and quantities Necesito dos metros de esa tela
Compare in conjunction with menor, más, menos Carla es la hermana menor de Belén
Date and time information Trabajo de nueve de la mañana a tres de la tarde
Mention of causes De tanto gritar se enfermó

The preposition de stands after the following verbs:

acordarse de to rember (to)

ser capaz de/ser incapaz de be able (to)/incapable (to)

enamorarse de fall in love (with)

estar lleno debe full (of)

estar seguro debe sure (about)

salir de go out/departure

Infinitive constructions can also be formed with de:

acabar de have just done something

dejar de stop doing something

terminar de to finish, to close

tratar detry to

Important prepositional expressions for local relationships

alrededor de around

antes/después de before/after

cerca/ lejos declose to/ far away from

debajo/encima de under/on, over

delante/detrás dein front of/behind

dentro/fuera de Inside/outside

enfrente de opposite, infront

de acuerdo conaccording to

With the preposition de different adverbial expressions are formed

de cerca/de lejos from near/from afar

de día/de noche by day/by night

de esta manera in this way

de memoriaby heart

de momentoat this moment

de paso in passing

de pronto/de repentesuddenly

de una vez once and for all

de verdad  really

de…a and desde …. hasta

The prepositions of de…. a and desde …….. hasta will be used in Spanish to indicate times

Example:

El abogado abre de cuatro a nueve

With the indication of the time desde and hasta stand mostly before the certain article. While dea does not need a specific article.

Example:

Tenemos clase desde las ocho hasta las dos – Tenemos clase de ocho a dos

With dea, local information and directional information are also given in the meaning of “fromto“.

Example:

De mi escuela a la casa son diez minutos