Present Participle

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There are two forms of participles: the present participle and the perfect participle.

Present Participle

The Present Participle in Spanish which ends with -nte,  has in most cases established itself as a noun or adjective.


Many participles are nouns.

el/la asistente Assistant el incidente Incident
el/la caminante Hikers el/la inmigrante Immigrant
el/la cantante Singer el/la oyente Listener
el/la delincuente Criminal el/la presidente President
el/la descendente Descendant el/la sobreviviente Survivor
el/la estudiante Student el solvente Solvent
el/la fabricante Fabricotor la variante Variant
el/la hablante Speaker el/la vigilante Guardian

That these nouns were originally derived from verbs can be shown here:

un caminante – una persona que camina

un cantante – una persona que canta

un hablante – una persona que habla

In the case of many nouns, however, the verbal origin can only be reconstructed in terms of linguistic history, since the verb is no longer used in modern language.

Many common adjectives were also verbs in the present participle. There are corresponding verbs to these adjectives.


angustiante oppressive influyente influential
brillante luminescent obediente obedient
competente competent procedente perdinent
corriente common, familiar protestante protestant
creciente growing perteneciente pertaining
estimulante stimulant referente with regard to
exigente fastidiously repelente repellent
imponente imposing residente resident
interesante interesting sonriente smily