Reflexive pronouns verbs

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Reflexive pronouns

Reflexive means that the action falls back on the actor. For example, if you comb your hair, you are not only acting, but are also directly affected by the action. Thus, you are both subject and object of the action.

Singular Plural
1. Person me peino nos peinamos
2. Person te peinas os peináis
3. Person se peina se peinan

Typical reflexive verbs

llamarsebe called comersefinish eating
levantarsestand up ducharseshower
acostarse go to sleep bañarsetake a bath
marcharsewalk away caerse fall down
mudarsemove beberse -finish drinking

Many verbs are used both reflexive and non-reflexive, although the meaning of some verbs may or may not change.

Example:

hardly changed meaning:

El actor murió en 1980The actor died in 1980.

Hace cuatro meses se murió mi tíaMy aunt died four months ago.

changed meaning

dormirsleep dormirsefall asleep
romper break romperse break apart
quedarbe left over, date quedarse – stay
cambiar change cambiarsechange clothes
parecer seem parecerse look alike