Spanish Punctuation Examples

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Punctuation Examples

The most important punctuation marks in Spanish are:

  • Punto . – dot
  • Coma ,  – comma
  • Comillas ““ – quotation marks
  • Dos puntos : – colon
  • Signos de interrogación ¿? – question marks
  • Signos de admiración ¡! – exclamation marks
Dot
 The dot ends a sentence and is also used for abbreviations.

  • Señor – Sr.
  • Señorita – Srta.
  • Página – pág.


Comma

The comma is used to separate two equal sentences.

Example:

Me siento muy cansado, pero todavía no quiero ir a la cama.

With secondary conjunctions

Example:

Unos cantaban, otros tomaban y todos parecían estar contentos.

With enumerations

Example:

Mis colores preferidos son azul, rojo, verde y amarillo

After words that are intended to catch the attention of the person you are talking to, i.e. when you address them

Example:

Permiso, ¿Debo pasar?

Franco, ¿Puedes decirme la hora?

In replies to separate the yes or no

Example:

No, no tengo ganas

Sí, quiero salir al cine

When a verb is omitted

Example:

Ellos están en la piscina y yo, aquí

No comma precedes:

Before relative clauses necessary for understanding the main statement

Example:

Esa es la niña que sabe cocinar muy bien

After que (that)

Example:

Veo que no tiene sentido

With indirect questions

Example: 

No sabemos por qué no viene


Colon

In the letter salutation. In Spanish this is represented by a colon

Example:

Estimados señores:


Quotation marks

In Spanish, the quotation marks “” appear at the beginning and end of the sentence. In the direct speech, however, the dash (la raya) is set.


Question marks and exclamation marks

In question sentences there are always two question marks: an inverted ¿ at the beginning of the sentence and a normal ? at the end of the sentence. The same applies to exclamations (imperatives, exclamations, etc.). At the beginning there is an inverted ¡ and at the end there is the known ! exclamation mark.

With the inverted characters the emphasis of the respective sentences is to be indicated already at the beginning of a sentence (increasing emphasis with question sentences, decreasing emphasis with exclamations).

Example:

¡Hay mucha lluvia!

¿Estás trabajando en España?