Spanish Verbs

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Spanish Verbs

With verbs we express our actions.

You will always find the meaning of the verb in the stem of the word. However, this stem never stands alone: the endings that give us information beyond the actual meaning are attached to it.

The ending -ar (verbs of the 1st group), -er (verbs of the 2nd group) or -ir (verbs of the 3rd group) after the stem of a verb indicate, for example, that it is the infinitive of a verb and thus show us according to which scheme the verb is conjugated.

Types of verbs

Full verbs

You can differentiate between the following types of full verbs:

– The transitive verbs have a direct object that you can easily locate with the question who or what?

Example:

Aprendemos españolWe learn Spanish
Compro floresI buy flowers
Leo una revistaI read a magazine

– The intransitive verbs. They have either no object or an indirect object. You can check whether an indirect object is connected by asking who or what.

Example:

Este pastel me gustaThis cake tastes good to me.
¿Vamos al cine?Shall we go to the cinema?
Nadan en el marThey swim in the sea

– the reflexive verbs. Here the action refers to the subject.

Example:

¡No te enfades!Don’t be angry!
Me lavo – I wash myself
Nos vestimosWe’ll get dressed.

– The impersonal verbs. They occur only in the 3rd person singular.

Example:

¡Cómo llueve!How it’s raining!
Ha nevadoIt has snowed
Ya no hay huevosThere are no more eggs