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With verbs we express our actions.
You will always find the meaning of the verb in the stem of the word. However, this stem never stands alone: the endings that give us information beyond the actual meaning are attached to it.
The ending -ar (verbs of the 1st group), -er (verbs of the 2nd group) or -ir (verbs of the 3rd group) after the stem of a verb indicate, for example, that it is the infinitive of a verb and thus show us according to which scheme the verb is conjugated.
Types of verbs
You can differentiate between the following types of full verbs:
– The transitive verbs have a direct object that you can easily locate with the question who or what?
Aprendemos español – We learn Spanish
Compro flores – I buy flowers
Leo una revista – I read a magazine
– The intransitive verbs. They have either no object or an indirect object. You can check whether an indirect object is connected by asking who or what.
Este pastel me gusta – This cake tastes good to me.
¿Vamos al cine? – Shall we go to the cinema?
Nadan en el mar – They swim in the sea
– the reflexive verbs. Here the action refers to the subject.
¡No te enfades! – Don’t be angry!
Me lavo – I wash myself
Nos vestimos – We’ll get dressed.
– The impersonal verbs. They occur only in the 3rd person singular.
¡Cómo llueve! – How it’s raining!
Ha nevado – It has snowed
Ya no hay huevos – There are no more eggs