Spanish Verbs

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Spanish Verbs

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With verbs we express our actions.

You will always find the meaning of the verb in the stem of the word. However, this stem never stands alone: the endings that give us information beyond the actual meaning are attached to it.

The ending -ar (verbs of the 1st group), -er (verbs of the 2nd group) or -ir (verbs of the 3rd group) after the stem of a verb indicate, for example, that it is the infinitive of a verb and thus show us according to which scheme the verb is conjugated.

Types of verbs

Full verbs

You can differentiate between the following types of full verbs:

– The transitive verbs have a direct object that you can easily locate with the question who or what?


Aprendemos españolWe learn Spanish
Compro floresI buy flowers
Leo una revistaI read a magazine

– The intransitive verbs. They have either no object or an indirect object. You can check whether an indirect object is connected by asking who or what.


Este pastel me gustaThis cake tastes good to me.
¿Vamos al cine?Shall we go to the cinema?
Nadan en el marThey swim in the sea

– the reflexive verbs. Here the action refers to the subject.


¡No te enfades!Don’t be angry!
Me lavo – I wash myself
Nos vestimosWe’ll get dressed.

– The impersonal verbs. They occur only in the 3rd person singular.


¡Cómo llueve!How it’s raining!
Ha nevadoIt has snowed
Ya no hay huevosThere are no more eggs