Subordinating conjunctions

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Subordinating Conjunctions

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Subordinating conjunctions stand between two equivalent elements, e.g. nouns, two adjectives, two main clauses, etc.

Important Subordinating Conjunctions:

y (and) The conjunction y (and) is used to order parts of sentences in an enumeration and to link sentences together Estos son Ana y Luis
o (or) With o (or) you can order sentences or parts of sentences and offer a selection option. ¿Quién es más divertido, Ana o Luis?
pero (but) With the conjunction pero (but) opposites are expressed Ana es más inteligente, pero Luis es más divertido
sino (but) If the first part of the sentence is negated, the opposite is expressed in the second part of the sentence with sino (but) Ana no es amiga de Luis, sino su hermana
ni … ni (neither … nor) With ni … ni (neither … nor) one can also deny the first part of the enumeration. Ni ni Carlos los conocéis
pues (as/because) pues (as/because) indicates a reason that is relatively unimportant, that has already been mentioned, or that is knownvorausgesetzt wird. Luis no tiene dinero, pues ahora no trabaja
Por eso (That’s why)

Por lo tanto (therefore)

With the conjunctions por eso and por lo tanto (therefore) conclusions are initiated. Por eso está buscando un trabajo
Sin embargo (However) The opposite becomes even more meaningful if you use sin embargo (anyway, however) Sin embargo, es optimista
En cambio (On the other hand) The conjunction en cambio ( on the other hand ) also expresses a contradiction. A comparison is made indirectly with en cambio En cambio, Ana se preocupa

Notes:

If y precedes words beginning with i- or hi-, y becomes e. Before words that begin with hie-, it remains y:

Hablo español e inglés.

Una coca cola y hielo, por favor.

He estudiado Economía e Historia.

If o precedes a word that begins with o- or ho-, the o becomes u:

¿El anillo es de plata u oro?