Use and formation of Gerundio

Spanisch lernen zu jeder Zeit an jedem Ort

Virtual Spanish School

  • Personal Tutor
  • Individual lessons
  • Including teaching material

Use of Gerundio

The Gerundio is needed primarily to talk about an action that is happening right now. It is therefore a progressive form in Spanish.

Formation of Gerundio

The Spanish progressive form is formed from the auxiliary verb and the gerund. Only estar is conjugated, the gerund remains unchanged.

Examples:

Ahora no tengo tiempo, estamos trabajando

Últimamente estoy leyendo mucho.

If the auxiliary verb seguir stands before the gerund, the duration or continuation of an action is described:

Example

Raúl, ¿sigues todavía estudiando alemán?

The gerund can also be used in route descriptions

Example:

El teatro está, caminando por esta calle, al fondo a la izquierda.

It can also stand in place of a subordinate clause:

  • With Conditions:

Quedándote en casa de Santiago ahorrás algo de dinero.

  • With reasons:

Escuchándole Carlos, salió y cerró la puerta tras de si.

  • With an objection, often with aun (even, even if…..)

Aun viéndolo yo mismo no puedo creerlo.

The gerund can also replace a relative clause

Example:

Escuché unos pajaritos cantando y eso me emocionó.

It can replace adverbial expressions. Directions are often given in Spanish by a directional verb and a gerund of a movement verb.

Example:

Cuando escuché el timbre, salí corriendo.